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Deontic Modality$
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Nate Charlow and Matthew Chrisman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198717928

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717928.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 June 2021

Deontic Modals and Probabilities: One Theory to Rule Them All?

Deontic Modals and Probabilities: One Theory to Rule Them All?

(p.11) 1 Deontic Modals and Probabilities: One Theory to Rule Them All?
Deontic Modality

Fabrizio Cariani

Oxford University Press

Fabrizio Cariani’s chapter motivates and develops a novel semantic framework for deontic modals. The framework is designed to shed light on two things: the relationship between deontic modals and substantive theories of practical rationality and the interaction of deontic modals with conditionals, epistemic modals and probability operators. In the chapter it is argued that, in order to model inferential connections between deontic modals and probability operators, we need more structure than is provided by classical intensional theories. In particular, a probabilistic structure that interacts directly with the compositional semantics of deontic modals is needed. However, Cariani rejects theories that provide this probabilistic structure by claiming that the semantics of deontic modals is linked to the Bayesian notion of expectation. In its place, a probabilistic premise semantics is offered that explains all the data that create trouble for the rival theories.

Keywords:   deontic modality, probability, information sensitivity, premise semantics, deontic conditional

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