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The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS$
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Markus Haacker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718048

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.001.0001

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Health Impacts of HIV/AIDS

Health Impacts of HIV/AIDS

(p.9) 2 Health Impacts of HIV/AIDS
The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Markus Haacker

Oxford University Press

HIV/AIDS is not associated with low levels of economic development to the same extent as diseases like malaria or tuberculosis. However, it stands out as HIV/AIDS is highly concentrated. In terms of the severity of health shocks at the country level recorded since 1950, HIV/AIDS is topped only by two episodes of extreme violence (Rwanda, Cambodia), and has been much more persistent than shocks related to violence or famine. The impact of HIV/AIDS on mortality, though, have declined steeply in recent years across developing countries, reflecting vast improvements in access to treatment. Globally, HIV/AIDS has therefore become a chronic disease (following a similar shift in the most advanced economies). Together with declining HIV incidence (in part a consequences of the HIV/AIDS response), this means that HIV/AIDS is also in transition to becoming a disease affecting mainly older adults.

Keywords:   HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, global burden of disease, violence, famine, demography

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