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The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS$
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Markus Haacker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718048

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.001.0001

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History and State of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

History and State of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

(p.65) 5 History and State of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS
The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Markus Haacker

Oxford University Press

The health impacts of HIV/AIDS, and concerns on the implications for economic development, resulted in an unprecedented global response, in terms of the resources committed to it, and the establishment of several dedicated international organizations (notably, UNAIDS and the Global Fund). The financial burden of HIV/AIDS follows a very regular pattern—80% of the variation in spending across countries can be explained by the ration of HIV prevalence to GDP per capita. This means than not only countries with very high HIV prevalence, but also certain low-income countries face a steep financing challenge. The chapter discusses the UNAIDS ‘investment framework’ and the drive towards ‘ending AIDS’, and closes with a discussion of the sustainability of the HIV/AIDS response, distinguishing epidemiological, financial, and political aspects.

Keywords:   HIV/AIDS, global response to HIV/AIDS, UNAIDS, Global Fund, development assistance, sustainability

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