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The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS$
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Markus Haacker

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718048

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718048.001.0001

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Impact of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Impact of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

(p.84) 6 Impact of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS
The Economics of the Global Response to HIV/AIDS

Markus Haacker

Oxford University Press

Establishing the impact of the global response to HIV/AIDS is challenging because attribution is not straightforward, and many variables are observed only indirectly. HIV prevalence among young people has declined in almost all countries with significant HIV prevalence. Expanded treatment has reduced mortality among people living with HIV to about 2% in some countries with high HIV prevalence, and 4.6% across developing countries (instead of 8.8% without treatment). In some countries with high HIV prevalence, expanded treatment access has partially reversed the catastrophic health impacts of HIV/AIDS, with life expectancy plunging below 50 years. These gains have been achieved without causing obvious adverse impacts on summary non-HIV/AIDS indicators. The fact that HIV/AIDS has received a ‘disproportionate’ amount of funding relative to other health challenges has motivated charges that ‘HIV/AIDS has received too much money’, and the chapter closes by discussing the validity of this claim.

Keywords:   HIV/AIDS, global response to HIV/AIDS, antiretroviral treatment, global health, global burden of disease, development assistance

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