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George Jaroszkiewicz

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718062.001.0001

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Generalized transformations

Generalized transformations

(p.187) 18 Generalized transformations
Images of Time

George Jaroszkiewicz

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses an interpretation of the Michelson-Morley experiment null result in terms of generalized transformations. In contrast to the assumption in Einstein’s special relativity that light has the same speed in all directions, generalized transformations do not make this assumption. Following Tangherlini, the chapter shows how to set up generalized inertial frame transformations that are consistent with the Michelson-Morley experiment and still preserve absolute simultaneity. The chapter emphasizes the role of experimental protocol, or procedure for synchronizing frames of reference and subsequently taking measurements. It discusses ‘split causality’, a proposed experimental test that could in principle decide between Einstein-Lorentz synchronization and Tangherlini’s alternative. The chapter concludes with some comments on empirical searches for a preferred frame of reference.

Keywords:   generalized transformations, Tangherlini, experimental protocol, absolute simultaneity, Einstein-Lorentz synchronization, split causality, preferred frame

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