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Plutarch and his Roman Readers$
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Philip A. Stadter

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198718338

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718338.001.0001

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Diplomat for Delphi?

(p.70) 4 Plutarch
Plutarch and his Roman Readers

Philip A. Stadter

Oxford University Press

Plutarch was a citizen of Delphi, member and sometime head (epimelete) of the governing Amphictyonic Council, and priest of Apollo. This chapter discusses Plutarch’s visits to Rome and possible participation in negotiations in favour of Delphi with four emperors, Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, and Trajan. Delphic business may have included Vespasian’s permission to Delphi to remain free and autonomous, Titus’ archonship at Delphi for AD 79/80, just after he had become emperor, and Domitian’s rebuilding or refurbishing of the temple of Apollo at Delphi, marked by a grand inscription on the temple itself. Inscriptions inform us that Domitian also interested himself in Delphi in other ways, and that there was a revival of building activity at this time. Finally, the emperor Trajan sent Avidius Nigrinus the younger to settle boundary disputes regarding Delphic territory, as we learn from the fine bilingual inscription at Delphi

Keywords:   Plutarch, Delphi, Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Trajan, Apollo, boundary, Avidius Nigrinus, bilingual inscription

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