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Global EnergyIssues, Potentials, and Policy Implications$
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Paul Ekins, Mike Bradshaw, and Jim Watson

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198719526

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719526.001.0001

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Shipping and aviation

Shipping and aviation

(p.209) 11 Shipping and aviation
Global Energy

Antony Evans

Tristan Smith

Oxford University Press

International transport, particularly passenger transport, was revolutionized by the development of the powered aircraft in 1903. During the same time period, the modern oil-powered ‘motor’ ship took over from sailing and steam ships and revolutionized trade and facilitated globalization by providing reliable and low-cost international freight transport services. These two sectors present similar challenges for policymakers, particularly in the regulation of energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emission control. Both sectors have seen substantial growth in recent years and forecast continuations of these trends, and both sectors remain wedded to the low-cost, energy-dense, and portable energy sources derived from oil. This chapter describes some of the fundamentals driving the recent and future evolution of shipping and aviation’s transport demand, the possible pathways for each sector to lower carbon and energy intensity in their transport supply, and the foreseeable policy and wider contexts that could influence their futures.

Keywords:   aviation, shipping, transport demand, energy demand, energy efficiency

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