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Judgment and Agency$
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Ernest Sosa

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198719694

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719694.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 October 2021

Judgment and Agency

Judgment and Agency

(p.65) 3 Judgment and Agency
Judgment and Agency

Ernest Sosa

Oxford University Press

A concept of the fully apt performance is explicated, which helps guide us beyond anything found in earlier virtue epistemology. A fully apt performance is one that aims not only to attain its basic constitutive aim, but also to do so aptly. The performance must hence manifest not only the first-order performative competence, but also a second-order competence to assess properly the risk involved, through an assessment of the relevant competence of the performer. That concept is then applied to cognitive performances specifically, and is used to explicate what judgment is: namely, an affirmation that is alethic in aiming at truth, but also epistemic in aiming at alethic aptness.

Keywords:   judgment, agency, risk, aptness, agency

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