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Judgment and Agency$
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Ernest Sosa

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198719694

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719694.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 September 2021

Social Roots of Human Knowledge

Social Roots of Human Knowledge

(p.168) 8 Social Roots of Human Knowledge
Judgment and Agency

Ernest Sosa

Oxford University Press

This chapter has recourse to social epistemology for an account of the “reliability enough” required for competence and for aptness. One is said to “know that p” period iff one aptly believes that p reliably enough for storage of the belief even after the loss of the original basis for its acquisition. No mere guess is good enough to be stored, so as to remain in place even once its initial credentials are gone; only knowledge is suitable for such storage. The chapter explores why and how it matters that the belief be thus “reliable enough.” Compatibly, what you know well enough for storage may not be something you know well enough for it to provide a practical basis for action when the stakes are high. So you might know something “flat out” even if you do not know it well enough to act on it when the stakes are high.

Keywords:   social epistemology, value of knowledge, pragmatic encroachment, reliability enough

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