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The Power of DependenceNATO-UN Cooperation in Crisis Management$
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Michael F. Harsch

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198722311

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722311.001.0001

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From Intervention to the Dayton Agreement, 1992–1995

(p.37) 3 Bosnia
The Power of Dependence

Michael F. Harsch

Oxford University Press

This chapter investigates cooperation between NATO and the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR) during the Bosnian War. It argues that the level of cooperation depended on the organizations’ resource dependence perceptions: In a first phase from July 1992 to July 1995, NATO and the UN adopted a dysfunctional “dual key” procedure for the authorization of air strikes to protect designated safe areas for civilians from attack. The agreement reflected most member states’ assessments that closer coordination of UN ground forces with NATO air power was unnecessary for attaining the modest goal of conflict containment. The July 1995 massacre at Srebrenica dramatically altered this perception. In a second phase from late July to December 1995, both organizations overhauled the dual key mechanism and cooperated closely during NATO’s sustained air campaign against Bosnian Serb forces, which laid the ground for the December 1995 Dayton Peace Accords.

Keywords:   Bosnian War, interorganizational cooperation, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, resource dependence, United Nations Protection Force

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