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Promoting Peace Through International Law$
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Cecilia Marcela Bailliet and Kjetil Mujezinovic Larsen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198722731

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722731.001.0001

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World Peace through World Trade? The Role of Dispute Settlement in the WTO

World Peace through World Trade? The Role of Dispute Settlement in the WTO

(p.191) 10 World Peace through World Trade? The Role of Dispute Settlement in the WTO
Promoting Peace Through International Law

Ole Kristian Fauchald

Oxford University Press

The chapter on peace and trade takes as its starting point a historical account of the relationship between trade and peace. Its focus is on the dispute settlement mechanism (DSM) of the World Trade Organization, which is initially considered in the light of the general link between the WTO Agreement and the level of conflict and tensions between and within states. The chapter finds that in cases concerning interstate conflicts or tensions, the DSM is likely to reduce the conflicts and tensions, and benefit smaller, weaker states. Conversely, where cases involve internal conflicts or tensions, the DSM is more likely to increase such conflicts and tensions, and benefit bigger, more powerful states. These conclusions are based on a study of cases registered with the DSM, as well as general assumptions regarding the regulatory and institutional framework of the WTO and regarding states’ use of trade measures and the DSM.

Keywords:   World Trade Organization, WTO, dispute settlement mechanism, DSM, interstate conflicts, internal conflicts, trade measures

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