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Promoting Peace Through International Law$
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Cecilia Marcela Bailliet and Kjetil Mujezinovic Larsen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198722731

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722731.001.0001

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Non-Discrimination and Equality as the Foundations of Peace

Non-Discrimination and Equality as the Foundations of Peace

(p.229) 12 Non-Discrimination and Equality as the Foundations of Peace
Promoting Peace Through International Law

Vibeke Blaker Strand

Oxford University Press

The chapter demonstrates that principles of equality and non-discrimination are fundamental components of international human rights law. The primary goal of legal instruments that aim for non-discrimination and equality is substantive equality—equality in practice—for every human being. Substantive equality can be connected to the terms ‘positive peace’ and ‘negative peace’. The chapter focuses on inequality and discrimination regarding race and gender. The ways in which non-discrimination and equality, as embedded in the CEDAW and the CERD conventions, contribute to peace is studied, and four approaches identified: peace beginning in the home; racial hatred speech and violence; direct and indirect discrimination; steps to transforming society. The chapter looks at how civil society plays a crucial role in the struggle for equality and non-discrimination. It is emphasized that civil society and the legal sphere must pull together as both are essential to the foundation of peace.

Keywords:   equality, non-discrimination, substantive equality, positive peace, CEDAW, CERD, racial hatred, civil society

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