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Promoting Peace Through International Law$
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Cecilia Marcela Bailliet and Kjetil Mujezinovic Larsen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198722731

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722731.001.0001

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Traps of Violence

Traps of Violence

A Human Rights Analysis of Relationships between Peace and Development

(p.148) 8 Traps of Violence
Promoting Peace Through International Law

Bård Anders Andreassen

Oxford University Press

The structural violence doctrine refers to violence where social structures, relations, and institutions threaten peace and peoples’ basic interests and needs. It is inherently related to social injustices and the failure to fulfil basic human rights and carry out institutional reforms. The ‘right to development’ discourse provides a framework for analysing such structural violence from new perspectives that combine various types of rights in analysing social injustices, poverty, and ‘failed development’. The chapter explores the argument that the main constraint on development may not be a poverty trap (i.e. that people living in poverty lack capacities and access to productive resources that can enable them to move out of poverty), but rather traps of violence that constrain development at both macro and micro levels. Lack of functioning legal structures and institutions for rights protection and public policies addressing poverty are important factors explaining the difficulties of escaping poverty.

Keywords:   right to development, poverty, peace, structural violence, institutional reforms

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