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International Cultural Heritage Law$
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Janet Blake

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198723516

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723516.001.0001

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Cultural Heritage Located Underwater

Cultural Heritage Located Underwater

(p.70) 3 Cultural Heritage Located Underwater
International Cultural Heritage Law

Janet Blake

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 specifically addresses heritage located within the marine environment. The type of sites and related objects included in this heritage, in particular shipwrecks and their cargo, are introduced along with the special challenges to their physical and legal protection posed by their underwater location. The different maritime zones as they are defined under international law and the legal regimes that apply to cultural heritage located within them are explained. A discussion of salvage of ancient and historic wrecks, one of the most challenging problems facing the legal protection of underwater cultural heritage, is illustrated by several key cases. Finally, the 2001 UNESCO Convention for protection of underwater cultural heritage is introduced and analysed, from the recognition of the need for a dedicated treaty to its negotiation and adoption by UNESCO in 2001.

Keywords:   underwater heritage, shipwrecks, maritime zones, salvage rules, Law of the Sea, 2001 UNESCO Convention

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