Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ruud ter Meulen, Ahmed Mohammed, and Wayne Hall

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727392

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727392.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 July 2021

Debunking the ethical neuroenhancement debate

Debunking the ethical neuroenhancement debate

(p.164) Chapter 10 Debunking the ethical neuroenhancement debate
Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Stephan Schleim

Boris B. Quednow

Oxford University Press

In this chapter we argue that the use of stimulant drugs as performance enhancers is neither new nor more common than it was decades ago. Our literature analysis of scientific sources from the 1960s–80s shows that stimulant consumption of drugs such as amphetamines for enhancement purposes was present and investigated back then prior to the current neuroenhancement debate. Finally, we propose a new theoretical framework with which attitudes toward neuroenhancement in the healthy can be located in a two-dimensional matrix. This framework spans the dimensions knowledge attitudes (pharmacological optimism vs. pharmacological scepticism) and ethical attitudes (pharmacological utilitarianism vs. pharmacological calvinism) and enables the location of common ethical positions on neuroenhancement such as transhumanism and bioconservatism. We conclude that the ethical significance of neuroenhancement was exaggerated and that a more cautious stance toward this phenomenon would likely be more appropriate.

Keywords:   neuroenhancement, stimulants, modafinil, methylphenidate, amphetamine, pharmacological Calvinism, neuroethics, transhumanism, bioconservatism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .