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Transcending the Cold WarSummits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–1990$
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Kristina Spohr and David Reynolds

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.001.0001

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Bonn, Guadeloupe, and Vienna, 1978–9

Bonn, Guadeloupe, and Vienna, 1978–9

(p.122) 5 Bonn, Guadeloupe, and Vienna, 1978–9
Transcending the Cold War

Kristina Spohr

David Reynolds

Oxford University Press

Soviet-American relations did not sustain the mood of détente created in Moscow in 1972. A second strategic arms limitation agreement (SALT II) was delayed until the Vienna summit of July 1979, and this failed to address the challenge posed by Soviet SS-20s. Western Europeans were becoming uneasy about détente at a time when the developed world was also wracked by the oil shock, economic recession, and rampant inflation. The summitry of 1978–9 tried to address these problems, with the consolidation of the Group of Seven (G7) as an instrument of international economic governance at its 1978 meeting in Bonn and the Guadeloupe summit of January 1979—an attempt to re-establish the credibility of NATO’s defence posture which led to NATO’s ‘dual track’ decision of December 1979. These were different kinds of summits—talks among allies rather than carefully staged encounters between adversaries.

Keywords:   SALT, SS-20s, Bonn, Guadeloupe, Vienna, Helmut Schmidt, Jimmy Carter, Leonid Brezhnev, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing, James Callaghan

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