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Transcending the Cold WarSummits, Statecraft, and the Dissolution of Bipolarity in Europe, 1970–1990$
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Kristina Spohr and David Reynolds

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727507

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727507.001.0001

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The Caucasus, 1990

The Caucasus, 1990

(p.204) 8 The Caucasus, 1990
Transcending the Cold War

Kristina Spohr

Oxford University Press

On 15–16 July 1990 the German and Soviet leaders Helmut Kohl and Mikhail Gorbachev held summit talks in Moscow and in the Caucasus. Their meeting sealed the deal on Germany regaining full sovereignty upon unification and allowing unified Germany to remain in NATO. The chancellor’s use of chequebook diplomacy also facilitated a bilateral treaty for Soviet troop withdrawals over four years from eastern Germany. The Caucasus summit thereby brought the Cold War to an end in the country that had been its original cockpit. It was thus Kohl, not Bush, who wrapped up the practical questions that shaped Europe’s post-Cold War security order—after Bush elicited Gorbachev’s consent on matters of principle, including a nation’s right to choose its alliance. The diplomacy of 1990 between Bush, Gorbachev, and Kohl allowed the United States to remain a European power and thus a shaper of the continent’s evolution after the Cold War.

Keywords:   Helmut Kohl, Mikhail Gorbachev, George H.W. Bush, Caucasus, German unification, NATO, Red Army troop withdrawal, chequebook diplomacy

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