Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Science, the State, and the CityBritain's Struggle to Succeed in Biotechnology$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Geoffrey Owen and Michael M. Hopkins

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198728009

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728009.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 November 2020

A New Way of Making Medicines

A New Way of Making Medicines

(p.1) 1 A New Way of Making Medicines
Science, the State, and the City

Geoffrey Owen

Michael M. Hopkins

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces the term biotechnology and explains why it has been the subject of intense interest on the part of governments and investors around the world. It reviews the scientific advances, including the deciphering of DNA by Watson and Crick, which paved the way for the emergence of biotechnology, and describes the two key breakthroughs—recombinant DNA and monoclonal antibodies—which took place in the US and Britain in the 1970s. It draws some comparisons between biotechnology and semiconductors, noting the important role played in both sectors by newly formed entrepreneurial firms, and the dominance of the US. It also discusses the changing relationship between the new biotechnology firms and the established pharmaceutical companies.

Keywords:   scientific breakthroughs, DNA, monoclonal antibodies, medicine, pharmaceuticals, Boyer and Cohen, Milstein and Kohler, institutions, innovation ecosystem

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .