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Protection of Civilians$
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Haidi Willmot, Ralph Mamiya, Scott Sheeran, and Marc Weller

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198729266

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.001.0001

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The African Union and the Protection of Civilians

The African Union and the Protection of Civilians

(p.275) 12 The African Union and the Protection of Civilians
Protection of Civilians

Ben Kioko

Lydia Wambugu

Oxford University Press

Conflicts in Africa, and the international community’s response to those conflicts, have played a large role in shaping the legal and operational framework for civilian protection activity. The AU recognizes and supports a right to intervention to stop mass violations of international humanitarian and human rights law. The chapter provides an overview of the AU framework for the protection of civilians, based on an examination of relevant AU organs and actual regional responses. It also addresses the NATO intervention in Libya in 2011, finding that international or regional intervention for the protection of civilians would be more likely to be embraced by African States if the duties and responsibilities of intervening States were more clearly articulated. The authors conclude that the most effective measure for ensuring civilian protection on the continent would be for the AU to operationalize its unique normative framework for intervention.

Keywords:   African Union, right to intervention, NATO, protection of civilians, normative framework, Libya, international human rights law, peacekeeping

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