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Protection of Civilians$
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Haidi Willmot, Ralph Mamiya, Scott Sheeran, and Marc Weller

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198729266

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.001.0001

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The Utility of Force for Protecting Civilians

The Utility of Force for Protecting Civilians

(p.329) 15 The Utility of Force for Protecting Civilians
Protection of Civilians

Stian Kjeksrud

Oxford University Press

This chapter seeks to develop conclusions about the utility of the use of force, drawing on an assessment of 188 military protection operations across ten UN peacekeeping missions in Africa during the period 1999–2014. Based on analysis of data, it tests a theory regarding the effective use of force for the protection of civilians and concludes that the ways in which UN peacekeepers apply force to protect civilians can be improved. Not only do UN forces seldom respond to ‘force with force’, but when they do, in most cases they seem unable to effectively protect civilians. Presenting typologies of force used by protectors and perpetrators, the chapter argues there is substantive support for the claim that if the types of force employed by UN peacekeepers were better suited to address the types of violence exerted by the perpetrators, more civilians would be protected in the majority of cases.

Keywords:   use of force, military protection operations, UN peacekeeping missions, Africa, peacekeepers

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