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Protection of Civilians$
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Haidi Willmot, Ralph Mamiya, Scott Sheeran, and Marc Weller

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198729266

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.001.0001

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Protecting Civilians

Protecting Civilians

Comparing Organizational Approaches

Chapter:
(p.88) 4 Protecting Civilians
Source:
Protection of Civilians
Author(s):

Stian Kjeksrud

Jacob Aasland Ravndal

Andreas Øien Stensland

Cedric de Coning

Walter Lotze

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0005

Focusing on military activities to protect civilians, the chapter analyses the approaches taken by the UN, the EU, NATO, and the AU and finds that despite the unprecedented concern with improving the physical security of civilians under threat, none of the four organizations does so effectively. The UN knows what it takes to protect, but seldom displays the will to apply military force for this purpose. NATO is willing to use force to protect, but is less aware of how it should be done when civilians are directly targeted. The AU has the knowledge, experience, and willingness to apply force to protect, but remains highly dependent on external resources to do so consistently. The EU has both concepts and capabilities, but struggles to generate troops in time when needed. The authors posit that understanding the limitations and comparative advantages of each organization is an important step towards more effective protection.

Keywords:   protection of civilians, UN, African Union, NATO, European Union, military

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