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Germany and the Holy Roman EmpireVolume I: Maximilian I to the Peace of Westphalia, 1493-1648$
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Joachim Whaley

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198731016

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198731016.001.0001

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Mastering the Reformation c.1526–1555

Mastering the Reformation c.1526–1555

(p.252) (p.253) (p.254) IV Mastering the Reformation c.1526–1555
Germany and the Holy Roman Empire

Joachim Whaley

Oxford University Press

Some princes began to undertake the reformation of their territories in the early 1520s; many more moved to do so after the Peasants’ War, but others remained Catholic. At the same time those princes who had embraced Protestantism sought to establish their position in the constitution of the Reich and to have their articles of faith recognised at Augsburg (1530). Charles V and his brother Ferdinand, distracted by problems outside the Reich, were unable to resist the emergence of the Schmalkaldic League of Protestant princes in the 1530s. From 1541 Charles V returned to Germany and by 1548 it seemed that he had largely subjugated the Reich. Then, however, even princes previously loyal to him, such as Moritz of Saxony, turned against him. Ferdinand emerged as their leader and brokered the Peace of Augsburg (1555). Charles V abdicated in favour of Ferdinand.

Keywords:   Territorial Reformation, Catholic princes, Augsburg Confession, Charles V, Archduke Ferdinand, Schmalkaldic League, Duke Moritz of Saxony, Peace of Augsburg

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