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The Philosophy of Trust$
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Paul Faulkner and Thomas Simpson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198732549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732549.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

Trust as a Second-Personal Attitude (of the Heart)

Trust as a Second-Personal Attitude (of the Heart)

(p.35) 3 Trust as a Second-Personal Attitude (of the Heart)
The Philosophy of Trust

Stephen Darwall

Oxford University Press

An important difference between trust and reliance is that trust can be violated, and the very idea of a violation seems to involve some second-personal relationship between truster and trusted. But trust cannot be a deontic second-personal attitude, since these presuppose authority and accountability. Trusting someone to do something involves laying oneself open; one doesn’t have any authority over the trusted and cannot hold them accountable for doing what one trusts them to do. So trust is non-deontic. But it is second-personal in that it is reciprocating: it invites the other to take the same view of the situation and respond in kind. Trust is a second-personal attitude of the heart.

Keywords:   trust, trustworthiness, second-personal, love, authority, reactive attitudes

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