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The Philosophy of Trust$
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Paul Faulkner and Thomas Simpson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198732549

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732549.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

Trust as a Two-Place Relation

Trust as a Two-Place Relation

(p.149) 9 Trust as a Two-Place Relation
The Philosophy of Trust

Jacopo Domenicucci

Richard Holton

Oxford University Press

Trust can be two-place (‘A trusts B’) and three-place (‘A trusts B to φ‎’). The philosophical orthodoxy is that it is three-place. This chapter argues otherwise: the two-place form is the basic form of trust. In this respect, trust is like love or friendship; one would not understand Antony’s love for Cleopatra in terms of the three-place ‘Antony loves Cleopatra for her φ‎’. So too trust. The two-place relation—our trusting someone—ordinarily grounds instances of relying on them in some way, so it ordinarily grounds three-place trust. But there can be trust when there is no opportunity of reliance. Trust is thus essentially a readiness to hand over control or power to another, which is associated with the reactive attitudes.

Keywords:   trust, trustworthiness, reliance, love, two-place trust, reactive attitudes

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