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European Identity in the Context of National IdentityQuestions of Identity in Sixteen European Countries in the Wake of the Financial Crisis$
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Bettina Westle and Paolo Segatti

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198732907

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732907.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 April 2021

Subnational and National Territorial Identification

Subnational and National Territorial Identification

(p.63) 3 Subnational and National Territorial Identification
European Identity in the Context of National Identity

Christian Schnaudt

Stefanie Walter

Sebastian Adrian Popa

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyses citizens’ identification with local, regional, and national levels. It asks whether these identifications constitute a multidimensional construct, indicating exclusive identifications, or a single unidimensional phenomenon, reflecting multiple identifications. To the extent that multiple identifications exist, it investigates whether these reflect a bottom-up or a top-down logic of identity construction. The results for the full national samples of the countries studied suggest that territorial identification represents a single unidimensional construct (with no clear internal order). When focusing on citizens from countries known for conflicts between the regional and the national level, the results hint at the presence of exclusive subnational identifications. Overall, the results establish positive news for modern democracies, as identifications with different territorial loci coexist. In some regions, however, national governments may find it difficult to implement important policies in light of exclusive subnational identifications, which appear to be at odds with a national identification.

Keywords:   subnational identity, national identity, multiple identities, exclusive identities, Mokken scale analysis, factor analysis

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