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The Fight Against Hunger and MalnutritionThe Role of Food, Agriculture, and Targeted Policies$
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David E. Sahn

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198733201

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733201.001.0001

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The Present Pattern of Growth, Inequality, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Present Pattern of Growth, Inequality, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

(p.323) 14 The Present Pattern of Growth, Inequality, and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa
The Fight Against Hunger and Malnutrition

Erik Thorbecke

Oxford University Press

Since 2000, economic growth has been remarkable in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The process of globalization has definitely contributed to a high GDP growth. The high pace of growth has led to a reduction in poverty, but at rates much lower than in other developing regions. Income inequality remains stubbornly high. On the positive side, African governments are presently embracing a more inclusive growth pattern that is more broadly based than in the past and could help all segments of society. A successful inclusive growth strategy relies on providing more equal opportunities to the poor and destitute (e.g., through education, improved health, and nutrition) and on creating new productive jobs. There is some evidence that the ongoing structural transformation in a number of SSA countries during the recent growth spell has been more inclusive and more in line with the highly successful Asian historical pattern.

Keywords:   growth, poverty, inequality, structural transformation, Sub-Saharan Africa

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