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The Morphosyntax of Imperatives$
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Daniela Isac

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198733263

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733263.001.0001

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The addressee

The addressee

(p.75) 7 The addressee
The Morphosyntax of Imperatives

Daniela Isac

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the role of the Addressee in imperatives. Two situations are distinguished from the point of view of the involvement of the addressee: (i) the addressee is asked to do something himself/herself, and (ii) the addressee is asked to see to it that someone else brings about a state of affairs. The first part of the chapter discusses the role played by the addressee in relation to various possible subjects (null subjects, overt pronominal subjects, quantificational subjects, proper names, bare nouns). These subjects are shown to be genuine structural subjects rather than vocatives. The second part of the chapter argues that the syntax encodes the addressee by projecting a distinct syntactic position for it, and by virtue of a 2nd person feature present on the Speech Event head.

Keywords:   addressee, subjects, vocatives, Speech Event head, 2nd person feature

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