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Civics Beyond CriticsCharacter Education in a Liberal Democracy$
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Ian MacMullen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198733614

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733614.001.0001

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Cultivating motives for compliance

Cultivating motives for compliance

(p.45) Chapter 2 Cultivating motives for compliance
Civics Beyond Critics

Ian MacMullen

Oxford University Press

This chapter conceptualizes the various ways in which education could promote law-abidingness. Section 2.1 argues that there are eight types of reason for compliance with laws because there are three independent and binary dimensions on which such reasons should be classified: moral or prudential, particular or general, and in se or prohibitum. Section 2.1.1 explores the rich variety of prohibitum reasons for compliance (including the putative duty of obedience, whose existence philosophical anarchists deny), and Section 2.1.2 offers an example to demonstrate how reasons of all eight types can simultaneously exist to comply with a particular law on a particular occasion. Section 2.2 uses the typology of reasons for compliance to analyze the three fundamental ways in which education could cultivate such reasons: instilling beliefs, shaping prudential values, and inculcating trust. Section 2.3 discusses the important possibility that education could instill habits of compliance.

Keywords:   law-abidingness, obedience, malum prohibitum, philosophical anarchism, compliance, habits, civic motivation, trust, prudential values

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