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Russia and the Making of Modern Greek Identity, 1821–1844$
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Lucien J. Frary

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198733775

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198733775.001.0001

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From Anarchy to Absolutism

From Anarchy to Absolutism

(p.54) Chapter 2 From Anarchy to Absolutism
Russia and the Making of Modern Greek Identity, 1821–1844

Lucien J. Frary

Oxford University Press

This chapter probes the process of nation-state building in Greece based on Russian archival materials during the transition period from anarchy to absolutism (1833–5). It elucidates prevailing attitudes among Russian officials toward the establishment of a state apparatus in Greece, including the formation of political factions and the key symbols and ceremonies that promoted the growth of nationalism. The focus is on the methods pursued by St Petersburg to implement Official Nationality in Greece and the reactions of the Russian elite to the reform program of the Regency of King Othon. The chapter argues that Russian patronage and intervention helped engineer crucial aspects of the new imagined community that took shape. Ideologically, the Tsar and his ministers sought to promote a robust monarchy completely free from foreign influence. Yet, in its relations with the King and the Regency, Russia was more than a passive observer.

Keywords:   Russian–Greek relations, Modern Greece, Russian foreign policy, Greek War of Independence, King Otho of Greece, national symbols, Eastern Question, Russian–Ottoman Wars

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