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Acoustic JurisprudenceListening to the Trial of Simon Bikindi$
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James E K Parker

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198735809

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735809.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 April 2021

Voices of Law

Voices of Law

(p.111) 5 Voices of Law
Acoustic Jurisprudence

James E K Parker

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores how the voice figured in the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)’s thinking, first at the level of doctrine, then evidence, then rhetoric. Throughout Bikindi’s trial the voice was consistently depicted as language’s instrument, the necessary medium in speech, its acoustic form, and material support. In this respect it performed precisely the same function for the Tribunal as music did in song. When it came to attributing responsibility to Bikindi for the three statements made over a public address system that would eventually found his conviction, however, the voice also did something else. In its apparent proximity to the ideality of thought, the voice operated as a kind of surrogate for and material embodiment of Bikindi’s intentions. It was Bikindi’s voice that guaranteed the expressive chain, as it were, between his intent, words, and the ears of his listeners, and in doing so enabled juridical responsibility to attach.

Keywords:   genocide, incitement to genocide, freedom of expression, ICTR, Rwanda, metaphysics, voice, speech

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