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Terence and the Verb ‘To Be’ in Latin$
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Giuseppe Pezzini

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198736240

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736240.001.0001

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Contraction of esse

Contraction of esse

Collection of Evidence

Chapter:
(p.26) (p.27) II Contraction of esse
Source:
Terence and the Verb ‘To Be’ in Latin
Author(s):

Giuseppe Pezzini

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736240.003.0002

The aim of this chapter is to collect the evidence for the contraction of esse in Latin (-st < est, -s(s) < es). After a general introduction to the phenomenon and a phonological overview, the chapter presents a compilation of the evidence for contracted forms of est in Latin, collected from a large variety of sources: direct transmission in manuscripts, metre, readings in manuscripts potentially resulting from a misunderstanding of a contracted spelling, inscriptions, grammarians, parallels in Sabellian languages, and other types of evidence. The chapter concludes with a presentation of the evidence on contraction of the second person form ’s(s) (= es(s)), which is different from that concerning the third person.

Keywords:   contracted spellings, manuscripts, inscriptions, Sabellian languages, metre, est, es, esse, grammarians

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