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Analogies and TheoriesFormal Models of Reasoning$
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Itzhak Gilboa, Larry Samuelson, and David Schmeidler

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198738022

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738022.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
Analogies and Theories

Itzhak Gilboa

Larry Samuelson

David Schmeidler

Oxford University Press

This introductory chapter first sets out the book’s purpose, namely to describe two modes of reasoning used for inductive inference and the interaction between them. The first is case-based, and it refers to prediction by analogies, that is, by the eventualities observed in similar past cases. The second is rule‐based, referring to processes where observations are used to learn which general rules, or theories, are more likely to hold, and should be used for prediction. The chapter then provides the motivation behind the present study, an overview of the subsequent chapters, and directions for future research.

Keywords:   reasoning, inductive inference, prediction, analogies, observations

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