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The Anatomy of Corporate LawA Comparative and Functional Approach$
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Reinier Kraakman, John Armour, Paul Davies, Luca Enriques, Henry Hansmann, Gerard Hertig, Klaus Hopt, Hideki Kanda, Mariana Pargendler, Wolf-Georg Ringe, and Edward Rock

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198739630

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739630.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 October 2020

What Is Corporate Law?

What Is Corporate Law?

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 What Is Corporate Law?
Source:
The Anatomy of Corporate Law
Author(s):

John Armour

Henry Hansmann

Reinier Kraakman

Mariana Pargendler

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739630.003.0001

This chapter introduces the book’s analytic framework, which focuses on the common structure of corporate law across different jurisdictions as a response to fundamentally similar legal and economic problems. It first details the economic importance of the corporate form’s hallmark features: legal personality, limited liability, transferable shares, delegated management, and investor ownership. The major agency problems that attend the corporate form and that, therefore, must be addressed, are identified. The chapter next considers the role of law and contract in structuring corporate affairs, including the function of mandatory and default rules, standard forms, and choice of law, as well the debate about the proper role of corporate law in promoting overall social welfare. While almost all legal systems retain the core features of the corporate form, individual jurisdictions have made distinct choices regarding many other aspects of their corporate laws. The forces shaping the development of corporate law, including evolving patterns of share ownership, are examined.

Keywords:   legal personality, limited liability, transferable shares, delegated management, investor ownership, agency problems, default and mandatory rules, choice of law, share ownership

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