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Reinventing PunishmentA Comparative History of Criminology and Penology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries$
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Michele Pifferi

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198743217

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743217.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 January 2021

From Repression to Prevention

From Repression to Prevention

The Uncertain Borders between Jurisdiction and Administration

(p.199) 9 From Repression to Prevention
Reinventing Punishment

Michele Pifferi

Oxford University Press

The chapter explores how the shift from retributive to preventive justice affected the constitutional balance between judicial and administrative sentencing powers. After analysing the Spanish law framed by De Asúa on the dangerousness without crime, it compares the European solution of the measures of security with the US indeterminate sentence system, stressing the European attitude in favour of judicial sentencing jurisdiction. It examines the growth of penal administrative powers in the United States, focusing on the shift from legal rules to legal standards in sentencing discussed by Roscoe Pound, Felix Frankfurter, and Sheldon Glueck, and then describes the hybrid system of penal/administrative security measures provided for by the 1930 Italian Fascist Code. The chapter finally investigates the different positions on the powers of the judge in the sentencing phase debated at the Berlin Congress in 1930 and the ambiguities of the dual-track system.

Keywords:   Jimenez De Asúa, Roscoe Pound, Felix Frankfurter, Sheldon Glueck, growth of administrative law, legal standards, Fascist Penal Code 1930, judicial sentencing powers, Berlin Congress 1930, dual-track system

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