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Free Will and TheismConnections, Contingencies, and Concerns$
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Kevin Timpe and Daniel Speak

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198743958

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198743958.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Libertarianism and Theological Determinism

Libertarianism and Theological Determinism

(p.112) 6 Libertarianism and Theological Determinism
Free Will and Theism

Derk Pereboom

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the fact that one cannot rationally accept both theological determinism and the libertarian conception of free will, and asks which of the two is preferable. The main reason to opt for theological determinism is that it provides an uncontroversial route to a strong notion of divine providence. The only proposal for securing such a conception of providence absent theological determinism is Molinism, and its status is uncertain. Libertarianism would provide us with basic desert moral responsibility, and also a promising response to the problem of evil. But theistic religion can do without basic desert moral responsibility, and responses to the problem of evil that essentially involve free will on the libertarian conception turn out to be ineffective when it comes to horrendous evils. Accordingly, this chapter contends that theological determinism is preferable, and regards the libertarian conception of free will as dispensable.

Keywords:   free will, theological determinism, libertarianism, hard determinism, providence, problem of evil

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