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The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology$
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Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 May 2021

Derived nouns: personal and participant

Derived nouns: personal and participant

(p.216) Chapter 11 Derived nouns: personal and participant
The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology

Laurie Bauer

Rochelle Lieber

Ingo Plag

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses morphological processes which derive personal or participant nouns, that is, nouns denoting agents, patients, themes, instruments, inhabitants, locations, and gendered forms. These are formed primarily by affixation in contemporary English, specifically by the suffixes -an, -ant, -arian, -ee, -eer, -er, -ese, -ess, -ette,-i, -ish, -ist, -ite, -meister, -nik, -ster and-trix, as well as by the prefixes grand-, great-,step-, and vice-. Some of the nominalizing processes discussed in Chapter 10 are revisited, looking at the ways in which they overlap with the function of the primary personal and participant affixes discussed here. Similarly, this chapter touches on a few of the affixes that will be given a more detailed treatment in Chapter12 as forming collective or abstract nouns, but which double to some extent in creating participant nouns.

Keywords:   derived nouns, agent, patient, theme, instrument, inhabitant, location, gender, argument referencing

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