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The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology$
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Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 May 2021

Derived adjectives

Derived adjectives

(p.288) Chapter 14 Derived adjectives
The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology

Laurie Bauer

Rochelle Lieber

Ingo Plag

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the full range of affixes that derive adjectives in contemporary English (‑able, ‑al, ‑an, ‑ant,‑ary, ‑esque, ‑ful, ‑ic, ‑ical, ‑ine, ‑ing, ‑ish, ‑ive,‑ly, ‑oid, ‑ory, ‑ous, ‑some, ‑y, and the past participle). It looks at both their formal characteristics and their semantic range. It takes up the issue of stress placement with this cohort of affixes and the extent to which the various affixes are productive. The chapter also discusses the extent to which some of them are semantically interchangeable. It also deals with the question whether such categories as gradable versus non-gradable, or relational versus qualitative, arise as a function of the specific affix, the base, or the context in which individual items appear.

Keywords:   derived adjective, stress, gradability, relational, qualitative, affixation, competition, allomorphy, extender, argument referencing

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