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The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology$
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Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.001.0001

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Compounds: semantic considerations

Compounds: semantic considerations

(p.463) Chapter 20 Compounds: semantic considerations
The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology

Laurie Bauer

Rochelle Lieber

Ingo Plag

Oxford University Press

This chapter first establishes some general semantic characteristics of English compounds and provides a justification of the terminology needed for an in-depth discussion. A basic distinction is introduced between argumental and non-argumental compounds. The semantic properties of both endocentric and exocentric exemplars are investigated. In addition, the semantics of both blends and neoclassical compounds are examined and the extent to which their semantic properties are similar to those of other compounds is considered. Finally the chapter looks at the semantic properties of several marginal or disputed compounding patterns, including compounds with verbs as their second elements (henpeck), phrasal compounds (over-the fence gossip), and reduplicative compounds (friend friend).

Keywords:   compound, argumental, non-argumental, attributive, coordinative, exocentric, endocentric, neoclassical compound, blend, reduplicative compound

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