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The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology$
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Laurie Bauer, Rochelle Lieber, and Ingo Plag

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747062

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747062.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 May 2021

The nature of stratification

The nature of stratification

(p.583) Chapter 27 The nature of stratification
The Oxford Reference Guide to English Morphology

Laurie Bauer

Rochelle Lieber

Ingo Plag

Oxford University Press

The chapter is concerned with the question of where English stands with respect to the types of morphology displayed in the languages of the world. It begins with a consideration of the traditional way of characterizing morphology as isolating, agglutinating, fusional, or polysynthetic that goes back to the work of Humboldt and Sapir. It also looks at more modern attempts at large-scale classification, concluding that such schemas do not tell us much that is interesting or useful. It is argued, however, that typological comparisons on a more local level have the potential to be more illuminating. This is illustrated with a comparison of English with Germanic and Romance morphology.

Keywords:   typology, isolating, agglutinating, fusional, polysynthetic, Romance, Germanic, word-based, stem-based, head-marking

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