This chapter focusses on the scientific expeditions of Charles Darwin and Sir John Herschel in the early 1830s. For both men, the journey on which they were about to embark would yield a harvest of observations that would occupy them for years to come. Although each had rejected the idea of taking holy orders, both men shared a scientific outlook which had at its heart an essentially religious idea. The younger of the two men and the first to depart was Charles Darwin, who set sail from Plymouth in late December 1831 as an unpaid naturalist accompanying a five-year hydrographical survey voyage. In November 1833, Sir John Herschel (the son of William) began what was to be a five-year astronomical survey of the southern hemisphere. For Darwin, Herschel was a scientific hero whose understanding of science influenced the formation and conclusions of his own most famous book.
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