Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Particle Physics in the LHC Era$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Giles Barr, Robin Devenish, Roman Walczak, and Tony Weidberg

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198748557

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748557.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 June 2021



(p.48) 3 Accelerators
Particle Physics in the LHC Era

G. Barr

R. Devenish

R. Walczak

T. Weidberg

Oxford University Press

This chapter gives an introduction to accelerator physics, concentrating on synchrotrons. Accelerating cavities for standing and travelling radiofrequency (RF) waves, the synchronicity requirement, and the beam bunch structure are explained, as well as the energy loss due to synchrotron radiation. The beam emittance and the amplitude β‎ function are introduced to describe the ensemble of beam trajectories. Dipole and quadrupole magnets, which act as the most important elements of so-called beam optics, are described. The LHC superconducting dipole magnets are described in some detail as an example. Colliders and fixed-target accelerators are then compared in terms of the centre-of-mass energy and the luminosity. As an important example, antiproton–proton colliders, including the use of stochastic cooling, are described and the chapter concludes with the outlook for accelerator developments in future decades.

Keywords:   Radiofrequency, synchronicity, synchrotron, synchrotron radiation, beam emittance, amplitude beta function, dipole, quadrupole, beam optics, stochastic cooling

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .