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Aristotle in Aquinas’s Theology$
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Gilles Emery, O.P. and Matthew Levering

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198749639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749639.001.0001

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Aquinas and Aristotelian Hylomorphism

Aquinas and Aristotelian Hylomorphism

(p.48) 3 Aquinas and Aristotelian Hylomorphism
Aristotle in Aquinas’s Theology

Raymond Hain

Oxford University Press

This chapter first develops St. Thomas Aquinas’s appropriation of Aristotle’s hylomorphic account of human nature by considering Aquinas’s commentary on the De anima and Aquinas’s own mature account of human nature in the Summa theologiae. It is then made clear how a series of problems arises for Aquinas’s position based on whether we emphasize body/soul unity or the special status of the intellectual soul, taking as the central difficulty the status of the disembodied soul between death and resurrection. In conclusion a radical solution to this difficulty is proposed based on a reconsideration of the material element of human nature.

Keywords:   person, soul, body, philosophical psychology, form, matter, hylomorphism, human nature, death, anima separata

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