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Labor Supply and Taxation$
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Richard Blundell, Andreas Peichl, and Klaus F. Zimmermann

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198749806

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749806.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2021

Work Incentives and ‘In‐Work’ Benefit Reforms

Work Incentives and ‘In‐Work’ Benefit Reforms

A Review

(p.227) 9 Work Incentives and ‘In‐Work’ Benefit Reforms
Labor Supply and Taxation

Richard Blundell

Mike Brewer

Marco Francesconi

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers some of the issues surrounding the effectiveness of in-work benefit reforms, which are designed to reduce poverty and promote employment among low-income families. It argues that careful design of these programs can significantly increase family incomes while providing reasonable incentives for parents to work. It appears that any offsetting negative effects on hours worked by those already in employment are not strong enough to counter this overall positive increase in labour supplied. However, since these programs are generally based on family income, there is evidence of a negative offsetting effect on the labour supply of married women in households with young children. For the Working Families Tax Credit (WFTC) in the UK, the overall impact on employment is expected to be modest, although, focusing on workerless households alone, the impact is likely to be more substantial.

Keywords:   in-work benefit reforms, poverty, low-income families, employment, working hours, family incomes, incentives, Working Families Tax Credit

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