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The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871

Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke and Jeffrey Gale Williamson


Ever since the Industrial Revolution of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, industrialization has been the key to modern economic growth. The fact that modern industry originated in Britain, and spread initially to northwestern Europe and North America, implied a dramatic divergence in living standards between the industrial North (or ‘West’) and a non-industrial, or even de-industrializing, South (or ‘Rest’). This nineteenth-century divergence, which had profound economic, military, and geopolitical implications, has been studied in great detail by many economists and historia ... More

Keywords: manufacturing, technological transfer, globalization, economic policy, catching up, convergence, poor periphery, economic history

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780198753643
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753643.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kevin Hjortshøj O'Rourke, editor
Chichele Professor of Economic History and Fellow, All Souls College, University of Oxford

Jeffrey Gale Williamson, editor
Laird Bell Professor of Economics, emeritus, Harvard University

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1 Introduction

Kevin Hjortshøj O’Rourke and Jeffrey Gale Williamson

2 Measuring the Spread of Modern Manufacturing to the Poor Periphery

Agustín S. Bénétrix, Kevin Hjortshøj O’Rourke, and Jeffrey Gale Williamson

Part I Europe and The Middle East

4 How Peripheral was the Periphery?

Alexander Klein, Max-Stephan Schulze, and Tamás Vonyó

6 The Industrialization of Italy, 1861–1971

Matteo Gomellini and Gianni Toniolo

7 Industrialization in Egypt and Turkey, 1870–2010

Ulaş Karakoç, Şevket Pamuk, and Laura Panza


8 East Asian Industrial Pioneers

Dwight H. Perkins and John P. Tang

9 Industrialization in China

Loren Brandt, Debin Ma, and Thomas G. Rawski

10 From Artisanal Production to Machine Tools

Bishnupriya Gupta and Tirthankar Roy

11 From Commodity Booms to Economic Miracles

Jean-Pascal Bassino and Jeffrey Gale Williamson

Part III Latin America

12 Industrialization and Growth in Peru and Mexico, 1870–2010

Aurora Gómez-Galvarriato and Graciela Márquez Colín

13 Industrial Growth in South America

Xavier Duran, Aldo Musacchio, and Gerardo della Paolera

Part IV Sub-Saharan Africa

14 Patterns of Manufacturing Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa

Gareth Austin, Ewout Frankema, and Morten Jerven

End Matter