The editorial introduction provides an overview of Baur’s New Testament research as set forth in his articles and monographs on the canonical Gospels and the Pauline epistles. It focuses on his conflicted relationship with his former student David Friedrich Strauss, whose Life of Jesus in 1835 had a profound impact on New Testament studies. It discusses Baur’s critique of the Gospel of John as a historical document and his solution of the relationship of the Synoptic Gospels to each other, with Matthew given priority as a source for reconstructing the teaching of Jesus. It then examines Baur’s interpretation of the interaction between Jewish Christianity and Pauline or Gentile Christianity, arguing that Paul is presented as a thinker deeply influenced by Judaism. The introduction concludes with an analytic summary of the Lectures.
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