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Lectures on New Testament Theologyby Ferdinand Christian Baur$
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Peter C. Hodgson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.001.0001

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The Concept, History, and Organization of New Testament Theology

(p.62) (p.63) Introduction
Lectures on New Testament Theology

Peter C. Hodgson

Oxford University Press

Baur’s Introduction provides a history (sixteenth to nineteenth century) of the discipline of New Testament theology. New Testament “theology” is to be distinguished from “dogmatics” as systematic theology because it should be a purely historical discipline that focuses on the teaching of the New Testament books—on their theological ideas and arguments. This discipline had to disengage itself from misuse by seventeenth- and eighteenth-century dogmatic systems, from assumptions of a harmony between biblical and dogmatic theology and among the books of the New Testament canon themselves. Strauss challenged this, questioning the credibility of the gospel story as a whole by comparing individual units. Baur’s chief contribution was a critique of the writings and a determination of their specific historical and theological interests—both for the canonical Gospels, and for the epistles attributed to Paul and other New Testament writings—revealing conflicts and differences among the authors.

Keywords:   Biblical theology, dogmatic theology, rationalism, harmony versus differences, canon

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