The Theological Frameworks of Hebrews, The Deutero-Pauline Epistles, James and Peter, The Synoptic Gospels and Acts
Baur starts this period (AD 70–140) with the Epistle to the Hebrews, which, he says, mediates between Paul’s critique of Judaism and the apocalyptic writer’s embrace of it. It does so by introducing the idea of an eternal priesthood. The Deutero-Pauline Epistles (Ephesians, Colossians, and Philippians) have a Paulinizing orientation but go considerably beyond Pauline christology, making transcendent claims about the divinity of Christ and his cosmic mission. Gnostic influences are evident. The Epistles attributed to James and Peter exhibit a Catholicizing tendency. Baur’s treatment of the Synoptic Gospels focuses on common elements in their presentation of the story of Jesus, and on their distinctive christology: Jesus’ life, death, resurrection, and ascension as Son of God. The Book of Acts emphasizes the work of the Holy Spirit in the life of the early church.
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