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Lectures on New Testament Theologyby Ferdinand Christian Baur$
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Peter C. Hodgson

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.001.0001

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Third Period

Third Period

The Theological Frameworks of the Pastoral Epistles and the Johannine Writings

Chapter:
(p.321) Third Period
Source:
Lectures on New Testament Theology
Author(s):

Peter C. Hodgson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754176.003.0006

The third period falls into the latter part of the second century. Baur’s first book in NT studies was on the Pastoral Epistles (1 and 2 Timothy and Titus); he concluded that these Epistles could not have been written by Paul because of their polemic against Gnostic heretics. The greater part of Baur’s discussion here focuses on the Gospel of John, which he interprets as a culmination of the NT writings with its claim that Jesus is the incarnate Logos (Word) of God. The stories about Jesus’ teachings and healings are not historical reports but rather devices for the elaboration of the Johannine christology. The Gospel expresses an ideality relating to faith, love, eternal life, and spiritual presence, but it does so at the price of a polemic against the Jews and an idealizing of Jesus. In both positive and negative aspects, it has powerfully impacted on Christian theology.

Keywords:   Pastoral Epistles, Gospel of John, incarnation, Logos, Paraclete, faith, love, life, spiritual presence, anti-Judaism

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