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Jobs For DevelopmentChallenges and Solutions in Different Country Settings$
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Gordon Betcherman and Martin Rama

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754848

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754848.001.0001

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The Job Creation Challenge

The Job Creation Challenge

Across Developing Country Settings

(p.1) 1 The Job Creation Challenge
Jobs For Development

Gordon Betcherman

Martin Rama

Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces the framework underlying the 2013 World Development Report: Jobs, explains how it extends traditional approaches to employment, and summarizes how it has been applied to the country cases in this volume. The innovation of the framework is to propose that the social value of jobs may differ from the value they have in terms of earnings or output. An analytical framework is presented to illustrate these spillovers, which can apply to living standards, aggregate productivity, and social cohesion. Summarizing some of the main messages from the case studies, the chapter illustrates how types of jobs that can have significant development payoffs differ depending on the particular challenges that countries face because of their level of development, demography, or institutions. The chapter also summarizes the range of policies that can encourage the creation of “good jobs for development,” depending on the country context.

Keywords:   World Development Report, Jobs, Employment policy, World Bank, Labor economics, Development economics, Living standards, Productivity, Social cohesion

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