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Jobs For DevelopmentChallenges and Solutions in Different Country Settings$
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Gordon Betcherman and Martin Rama

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754848

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754848.001.0001

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St Lucia

St Lucia

Jobs and Integration of a Small-Island Nation

(p.139) 5 St Lucia
Jobs For Development

Andrew S. Downes

Edwin St Catherine

Ezra Jn Baptiste

Oxford University Press

St Lucia is a small developing island nation in the Caribbean which historically depended on the banana industry as a major source of output growth, employment, and foreign exchange. When external conditions in its main export market became unfavorable, the country gradually made the transition to a largely services economy with a major emphasis on the tourism sector. With high levels of unemployment (especially among the youth) and poverty, St Lucia has made efforts to create good jobs through agricultural diversification, information services, financial and related services, tourism, and government services. There is also potential for job creation in the “green” economy and the “blue” economy (coastal activities). To meet its jobs challenges, St Lucia needs to develop a strategic development plan which would include provisions for production diversification into new areas, human resources development, development finance, regional and international economic agreements, and institutional arrangements to complement strategic policy actions.

Keywords:   St Lucia, Small-island nation, Banana industry, Tourism, Job creation, Social cohesion

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